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Creating a Laravel Logger - Part 6: Creating our web application

  • Neo Ighodaro
March 29th, 2019
For this part of the series, you will need PHP 7.13+, Laravel 5.7+ and Composer installed on your machine.

In this sixth and final part of our the series, we will build a simple web application to receive realtime updates when logs are pushed from the main Laravel app created in the first part.

In the previous part of this series, we created the iOS application that would be responsible for log monitoring on Apple devices. It also had the ability to receive push notifications from the application when the log level was an error.

We will build a web application using Vue.js and Laravel. Here is a demo of what you will build:

Requirements

To follow along with this series you need the following things:

Creating the project

We will start by creating a new Laravel app. Run this command in any directory of your choice:

    $ laravel new web_logging_client

The command above will create a new Laravel project.

Building our user interface

After creating and installing our Laravel application and its required dependencies, open the resources/views and replace the codes in the welcome.blade.php file with this:

    <!-- File: ./resources/views/index.blade.php -->
    <!doctype html>
    <html>
        <head>
            <meta charset="utf-8">
            <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
            <title>Push Logger</title>
            <!-- Fonts -->
            <link href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Nunito:200,600" rel="style         sheet" type="text/css">
            <!-- Styles -->
            <link rel="stylesheet" href="{{ asset('css/app.css')}}">
            <style>
                html,
                body {
                    overflow-x: hidden; /* Prevent scroll on narrow devices */
                }
                .position-ref {
                    position: relative;
                }
                .top-right {
                    position: absolute;
                    right: 10px;
                    top: 18px;
                }
                .content {
                    text-align: center;
                }
                .title {
                    font-size: 84px;
                }
                .m-b-md {
                    margin-bottom: 30px;
                }
            </style>
        </head>
        <body>
            <div class="content">
                <div class="title m-b-md">
                    Push Logger
                </div>
                <div id="logs" class="row justify-content-md-center">
                    <div class="col-lg-8">
                        <div class="alert alert-success" role="alert">
                        This is a primary alert—check it out!
                        </div>
                        <div class="alert alert-warning" role="alert">
                        This is a secondary alert—check it out!
                        </div>
                        <div class="alert alert-info" role="alert">
                        This is a success alert—check it out!
                        </div>   
                    </div>       
                </div>
            </div>
            <script src="js/app.js"></script>
        </body>
    </html>

If you run your app using:

    $ php artisan serve

You should see something like this:

This shows logs with dummy data inserted already. This gives us an idea of what our app will look like when logs are displayed on the page.

We will now use to add Vue.Js to the project. To do that, we need to create a Vue component. Add this script just before the closing body tag in the welcome.blade.php file:

    <script>
        var logs = [];

        Vue.component('pusher-logger', {
            data() {
                return { logs }
            },
            methods: {
                // Methods go here
            }, 
            template: ``
        });

        new Vue({
          el: "#logs"
        })
    </script>

We put the script tags at the end of the body so that they are executed in order after the DOM is loaded. In this snippet, we have the logs array declared to hold our log messages.

Now, we have a pusher-logger Vue component created. This component can be used as an HTML tag like so:

    <pusher-logger> </pusher-logger>

The pusher-logger component has the data attribute that hosts the data we want Vue to render. In our own case, we return just the logs.

The methods object is another attribute of the Vue component. We use it to define the behaviors of a component. The template property holds the HTML markup for our component, we will update this part soon enough.

Finally, we initialized a Vue root component on #logs. Notice that in the welcome.blade.php file, you will notice that there is a div with a class name - logs. This is the part that will show our logs to the user.

Next, update the template object of the Vue component like so:

    template: `
      <div class="col-lg-8">
        <div v-for="log in logs" class="alert" v-bind:class= "checkLevel(log.loglevel)"
         role="alert">
            @{{ log.message }}
        </div>  
        <div v-show="logs.length == 0">
            No Logs Dispatched
        </div>                              
      </div>
    `

The template property now returns a rendered list of the logs and if the logs array is empty at logs.length == 0 we show No Logs Dispatched.

The {{ }} braces are used both by Vue and Laravel Blade to render data. So whenever using Vue inside a blade file append an @ character to braces {{ }}.

Next, add this method to the methods object of the Vue component :

    // [...]

    methods: {
      checkLevel(loglevel) {
        switch(loglevel) {
            case 'info':
                return 'alert-info'
            case 'warning':
                return 'alert-warning'
            case 'error':
                return 'alert-danger'
            default:
                return 'alert-default'
        }
      }
    }

    // [...]

In this function, we check the log level to return different alert types. This will change the behavior of the component based on the log level.

Now, still inside the welcome.blade.php view file, update the div section with the ID logs with this snippet below:

    <div id="logs" class="row justify-content-md-center">      
      <pusher-logger> </pusher-logger>
    </div> 

Here, we replaced the former logs snippet with the pusher-logger HTML tag which is a representation of the pusher-logger Vue component we created earlier.

Adding realtime functionality

Now let’s enable realtime log updates using Pusher Channels. Before the closing body tag, just after the inclusion of the app.js script, add this script:

    <script src="https://js.pusher.com/4.3/pusher.min.js"></script>
    <script>
      let pusher = new Pusher('PUSHER_APP_KEY', {
        cluster: 'PUSHER_APP_CLUSTER',
        forceTLS: true
      });

      // subscribe to the channel the log is broadcasted on
      let channel = pusher.subscribe('log-channel');

      // Subscribe to pushlogger event 
      channel.bind('log-event', function (log) {
        logs.push(log);
      });
    </script>

Replace PUSHER_APP_KEY and PUSHER_APP_CLUSTER with their actual values.

In the code above, we are using the Pusher’s library to listen for log updates on the log-channel pusher channel and the log-event event. Whenever any of the events are triggered, we get an update of the log message and level in realtime.

You can run your app by running this command:

    $ php artisan serve 

We also need to start a development server on the previous application so we can dispatch logs. Be sure to run it on another port:

    $ php artisan serve --port=9000

Here is how our app should look like:

Conclusion

We have successfully built our final client app and come to the end of our six-part tutorial series. We have explored various technologies such as Laravel, Vue.js, Swift and Kotlin while using them to showcase Pusher’s realtime functions.

The source code to the code is available on GitHub.

Clone the project repository
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